Addenda and Corrigenda

Although it just came out this month, I already have things I would change in my book.  This page will contain a running list of items extending, modifying, or correcting information in  The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Late Tenth Century: The Chester-le-Street Additions to Durham Cathedral Library A.IV.19 (Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University Press, 2012).

If you catch something, send it to me or add a comment below.

1.  Field Prayers Title

See “Prayers from the Field: Practical Protection and Demonic Defense in Anglo-Saxon England,” Traditio 61 (2006), 95-147 and The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Tenth Century, pp. 145, 246-48.

Update courtesy personal correspondence from Richard Sowerby, Christ Church Ph.D. student at University of Oxford, who pointed to another later version in a lunarium that explains the truncated title in Durham A.IV.19 as XIIII luna.

Durham A.IV.19’s title (fol. 66r1) reads:

gescæft of’ hrippe f’e fvglvm in feoverteno…

creatura super messem pro avibus in XIIII…

Cod. Vat. Lat. 642, XII s., fol. 91v-94v (V2) in Emmanuel Svenberg, Lunaria et zodiologica latina, Studia graeca et latina Gothoburgensia 16 (Stockholm:  Almqvist & Wiksell, 1963), p. 36 has:

Luna XIIII. m.p. accipe fructum nouum creatum a Deo, et fac super messem pro auibus cum oratione ista: »Domine sancte, pater omnipotens, aeterne Deus, permitte spiritum sanctum tuum paraclytum cum Panachiele archangelo, ut defendat segetes nostras a uermibus, a uolucribus, a demonibus, ab omni tempestate Diaboli, per inuocationem sancti nominis Domini nostri Iesu Christi et per Deum omnipotentem. te Deum dominatorem omnium deprecamur patrem supplices, qui filii tui Iesu Christi nomina nominasti, et per te adiuro creaturam aquae, ut per te et per Michaelem archangelum tuum effugentur demones et uolucres et uermes et mures et omnia animalia uenenosa a nostris segetibus. in nomine Dei patris omnipotentis et filii et spiritus sancti. amen.» et oues et uacas ordinare. et religionem tenere. item baculum tenere et decretum facere. uota uouere Deo. familiam coniungere, et uirum et mulierem coniungere. benedictionem dare. uitulum super uaccam extraneam dare. ambulare et pacificare in ea. quod furatum fuerit uel quod fugerit, reuertitur. qui nascitur, tractator erit. qui egrotat, multum laborabit, sed surget. ceruisam coquere et de captiuitate reuerti bonum est.

Note that this twelfth century version includes the archangel Panchiel, found only in Aldred’s set and in an early Mainz manuscript (Vienna, Nationalbibliothek Cod. lat. 1888, fol. 6), and adds the archangel Michael.  In later Romano-Germanic Pontificals, Panchiel is omitted and replaced by generic angelic hosts.

Further on Vienna 1888 and its origins, see now Henry Parkes, The Making of Liturgy in the Ottonian Church:  Books, Music and Ritual in Mainz, 950-1050 (Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2015), especially chapter 3.

As well, see Richard Sowerby’s forthcoming Angels in Early Medieval England (Oxford:  Oxford University Press, 2016) or his Oxford dissertation, Angels in Anglo-Saxon England, 700-1000.

2.  Dating of the Regularis Concordia and monastic reform

            The Community of St. Cuthbert in the Tenth Century, pp. 10-11.  I neglected to include Julia Barrow’s article setting the reform movement earlier in the 960s, in contrast to Symons’ argument dating the Regularis concordia to 973.

See Julia Barrow, “The Chronology of the Benedictine `Reform’” in Edgar, King of the English 959-975:  New Interpretations, ed. Donald Scragg (Woodbridge:  Boydell and Brewer, 2008), pp. 211-23. This volume should have been in the bibliography.

3.  From the Workshop on the Old English gloss to the Lindisfarne Gospels, April 17-18, University of Westminster

This was an eye-opening workshop on Aldred’s glosses, and the results will be published in a forthcoming volume edited by the co-conveners Sara M. Pons-Sanz and Julia Fernández Cuesta.  I don’t want to steal anyone’s thunder, but Jane Roberts raised some stunning issues related to Durham A.IV.19, two of which I will briefly mention:

Quire XI in Durham A.IV.19, is six bifolia, but the outer bifolium contains material that stands alone from the inner, more regular five, so it may have been separate.  I did not think of that in my codicological analysis (Community of St. Cuthbert, pp. 81, 228-29).

The title presbyter that Aldred uses to describe himself in the Lindisfarne Gospels’ colophon is unusual enough to call into question his status, assumed to be a new priest at the time he did the gloss, which is in turn used to backdate the gloss to circa 950-960, subtracting from the Durham A.IV.19 colophon date of 970 when he is provost (Community of St. Cuthbert p. 60).

4.  DigiPal Images of Durham Cathedral Library Manuscripts

DigiPal has added images of Durham Cathedral Library manuscripts, including Durham A.IV.19, in color!

5.  Anglo-Saxon Divine Office

Jesse D. Billet has published a clear and insightful book on  The Divine Office in Anglo-Saxon England, 587-c. 1000, HBS Subsidia VII (Boydell, 2014).  Note particularly chapter 7 on Durham A.IV.19 and Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 41 (two of my favorite manuscripts), but the whole book is a model of clarity that I wish I had access to before writing my own book.

Typographical Corrections

p. 66, line 17, ‘fol. 89r’  should be ‘fol. 84r’ (my thanks to Seumas MacRath for this and the next two corrections).

p. 66 and p. 325, transcript of Aldred’s colophon first line should note that after gæt is an added “e” above, to form gæte.

p. 69, line 13, Aldred’s abbreviation p’fast should be rendered profast not præfast, given the left hanging tail on the “p.”

p. 159 “subiecta glossed with underbeged (fol. 61r12) and then underðiodded (fol. 61r13)” should be reversed,  “underðiodded(fol. 61r12) and then underbeged (fol. 61r13).”

p. 177 svæ, the way Aldred spelled it, I changed in the next line to the more normal spelling swæ.

Index Verborum, p. 400 right column, folc, see aldo folcum (not aldum folcum).

On the 5th page of the quire chart (p. 227, if they were numbered), the last line of the chart (item 40) should be on the bottom of the next, 6th page of the chart so that it is in sequence with its correct quire and folio.  This item is QXI.40, fol. 82rb12-va3, Hymn 11 for Compline.


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